Reference groups

The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority participates in various ways in development and innovation projects on traffic systems, vehicles and accessibility in Gothenburg. We collaborate with many types of partners from academia, research institutions, large and small companies, other cities and organizations. For example, we participate in reference groups to promote the concept of social welfare from our perspective as a road maintenance authority. We also want to give well-chosen projects an opportunity to test innovations and develop our city.

Barmark II – Autonomous vehicles for operating and maintaining bicycle routes

The City of Gothenburg participates in a reference group for the Barmark II project as part of its effort to increase and improve biking in the city. The aim is to develop a concept based on autonomous vehicles for operations and maintenance on bicycle routes (used for snow and ice removal).

The project covers both bicycle routes and airports, since both would benefit from this technology in the future. The project is coordinated by SP and partners include the Swedish Transport Administration and Swedavia.

A requirements specification will be drawn up for the driver-assist system for snow removers. Prototypes will also be developed. In addition, a safety concept for interaction with the surroundings will be defined and tested. The vehicle’s need for sensors will be reviewed and suggestions on infrastructure adaptations will be made as alternatives/supplements to the vehicle functions. The use of chemicals (salt, etc.) will be reviewed based on the new circumstances.

The project will run from 2017 until 2019.

The project is financed by Vinnova within the scope of FFI (the program for strategic research and innovation on vehicles).

The project is coordinated by SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.

ArbPark - New solutions for future workplace parking

The project will produce new knowledge for developing workplace parking that will make the city more attractive and innovative.

The aim is that new solutions for workplace parking will facilitate the development of dense, attractive city environments, lower emissions and the climate impact from cars, and lead to more efficient use of space in cities.

The City of Gothenburg is participating in the project’s reference group, along with property owners, employers and others. ArbPark has five components, which, to a great extent, are based on data and experience from two feasibility studies that will run during the course of the project. The feasibility studies cover key urban development projects with new workplaces for the Chalmers/Johanneberg area, along with Lindholmen, Norra Älvstranden.

The project will run from 2016 until 2019.

The project is financed by Vinnova.
The project is coordinated by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd

Cykelstaden - Future role of electric cargo bikes

Cykelstaden aims to evaluate the future role of electric cargo bikes for municipal activities. The project is an extension of the ELMOB project (financed by Vinnova).

Cykelstaden will look at the possible obstacles faced by manufacturers, users and other stakeholders. The aim is to facilitate future use that will lead to lower climate impact from the transport sector.

Feedback from users will also be collected. We see an opportunity to benefit from the demonstration that was already done within the scope of ELMOB in order to gain more knowledge on ways of using electric cargo bikes instead of cars. Feedback, in the form of guidelines, will be given to electric cargo bike designers, the city, and others. It is hoped that the project results can be used as a reference for other cities.

The project will run from 2016 until 2018.

The project is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency.

The project is run by Viktoria ICT.

CykelSim

The goal of CykelSim is to design and build a bike simulator that can be used to study the extent to which cyclists can maneuver in order to avoid accidents. A study will be conducted using the simulator to learn more about the factors that impact a cyclist’s ability to avoid an accident.

A better understanding of what impacts and limits a cyclist’s ability to avoid danger is valuable information when designing not only bicycles and tires, but also roads and infrastructure. The latter is particularly interesting to city authorities, which is why the City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the project’s reference group.

The simulator, which is being constructed in VTI’s existing driving simulator, can also be used to study cyclist behavior from a wider perspective, just like driving simulators for cars and trucks are used today.

The project will run from 2016 until 2018.

The project is financed by Vinnova within the scope of FFI (the program for strategic research and innovation on vehicles).

The project is coordinated by VTI, the Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.

Analysis of the effects of free-floating car-sharing

Free-floating car-sharing is becoming established all over the world. It is a new type of mobility service. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in a project to analyze the effects of these types of carpools.

With free-floating car-sharing, users reserve a car through a smartphone app. They can then pick it up and return it anywhere in the city. The aim of the project is to increase knowledge of free-floating car-sharing and study the effects in the urban environment. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the project’s reference group so that it can take part in the knowledge and research results.

Reservation data and vehicle movement are being analyzed within the scope of the project. Open, available data from three such initiatives at 15 cities around the world is being used. The data will be studied to understand the benefits based on a variety of parameters. For example, we will try to learn whether short trips in the city using car-sharing compete with private cars, public transport, walking or biking. We would also like to know how this type of initiative, with its flexible pick-up and return options, affects the parking situation in the city.

The research results will be used to evaluate the environmental and energy consequences and as the basis for decisions.

The project will run during 2015 through 2017.

The project is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency

The project is coordinated by Viktoria ICT.

FALCON - Lightweight solutions in fiber composite materials for future infrastructures

New types of materials and building methods are required for infrastructures of the future. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the FALCON project to the support research and design of fiber composite materials for bridge construction.

FALCON aims to create new opportunities for Swedish industry to build lightweight fiber composite bridges. FALCON is financed by Vinnova. It is a multidisciplinary consortium with 15 partners. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating, along with representatives from the entire innovation chain - industry, academia and the public sector.

Gothenburg, as an innovative city, wants to be involved in promoting the development of new building methods and materials. In the future, alternative materials and methods will be necessary, particularly for major overpasses. Fiber composite consists of plastic reinforced with carbon or glass fiber. Fiber composite can be a lightweight alternative to steel or concrete in bridge structures, since it is a sustainable, lightweight and strong material with a long life.

As Gothenburg becomes more dense, building processes must speed up so that there is the lowest possible impact on society and residents. A fiber composite bridge can essentially be assembled in one piece, which shortens the installation and construction time. This minimizes the impact on traffic during the construction period, with a lower cost to society as a result.

The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the part of the FALCON project that deals with procurement processes. It is hoped that participation in FALCON will result in better knowledge about design, manufacturing and procurement processes for composite bridges. The project results will be shared with industry and academia.

The project will run from 2015 until 2018.

Financing is from Vinnova as part of LIGHTer (Strategic Lightweight Innovation Program).

The project is coordinated by Swerea.

FOI project on safe crossings for bicycles

If you’re one of the many residents of Gothenburg who bikes, you can experience something entirely new in 2017! Gothenburg is going to set up the country’s first real bike roundabout!

The test to use roundabouts instead of traditional multi-path intersections is part of the FOI project on safe bike crossings. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating as a partner municipality and campus.

The aim of the project is to increase knowledge and come up with design principles for safe, efficient crossings. Since the 1990s, the City of Gothenburg has been diligently working to create safe bicycle paths and the number of bike accidents in city is now relatively low. The biggest problem with our current bike crossings is primarily accessibility. Many crossings don’t have signals, so when cyclists meet, there is uncertainly as to who has the right of way.

FOI will test a bike roundabout as a new way of improving the flow at bike crossings. Hundreds of bike crossings have been studied and a crossing close to Ullevi has been chosen as the testing site. It is a good choice, because both passengers and cyclists from three directions meet at the crossing (which also has poor visibility).

The new roundabout (which will have painted lines and signs) will be set up sometime in 2017. An evaluation will be made and if the results are good, the model may eventually be incorporated into the national guidelines. Gothenburg strives to have crossings that are safe, efficient and easy. So, once it has been set up, why not go and try it yourself?!

The project will run during 2016 and 2017.

The project is financed by the Swedish Transport Administration.

The project is coordinated by Trivector.

Testbed for hold-back and treatment of stormwater runoff

A combination of several types of solutions are required to manage different types, and large quantities, of stormwater. At present, there is a strong demand for technical solutions for treating stormwater locally.

The aim of the project is to develop a testbed for hold-back and treatment of stormwater runoff that would even allow suppliers to test and evaluate their solutions. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the project’s reference group in order to increase its knowledge in this area.

Motivation for the project is that half of Sweden’s stormwater does not meet the EU requirements. Impure runoff is also one of the main sources of pollution in streams and lakes. The City of Gothenburg is at a turning point because the collecting system used to hold back stormwater is at maximum capacity. Stormwater treatment is thus an important issue that needs a solution.

Within the scope of the project, various testbeds will be set up where different types of water treatment solutions can be tested, such as rain gardens, ditches, detention reservoirs and floating treatment wetlands. The various solutions will be tested and evaluated. The goal is to obtain research results that municipalities can use to support their decisions.

A long-term aim of the project is that lakes and streams will become less polluted and that there will be less pressure to expand treatment capacity.

The project will run from 2016 until 2020.

The project is financed by Vinnova.

The project is run by SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.

Planning of the charging infrastructure and use of electric vehicles in public transport systems

There will be new demands on both cities and operators when electric vehicles become more established in the public transport system. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in a research project to study how electric vehicles impact the entire public transport planning process.

The research project is led by Linköping University. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the project’s reference group to gain new knowledge on how the city, as a road maintenance authority, should deal with the requirements that electric buses put on urban planning.

Most of the prior research in this area has used electric vehicles (their design and potential) as the point of departure. But in this project, the point of departure is instead how the actual planning of public transport is affected by electric vehicles. This applies to not only timetables and frequency, but also planning and optimization of charging stations.

The City of Gothenburg wants to facilitate the implementation of electric vehicles in the bus fleet since major benefits can be derived from public transport that is run on electricity. For example, timetables can be extended since electric vehicles make it possible to offer public transport at other times and in areas where it has not previously been possible because of emissions and noise.

The project studies the actual conditions in the public transport systems of Gothenburg and Stockholm. The goal is to acquire knowledge and contribute with solutions that can help public transport operators manage the electric buses in their system.

The project will run from 2015 until 2018.

The project is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency.

The project is run by Västtrafik.

Institutional framework for integrated mobility services in future cities

At present, it is not possible to travel on a single mobile ticket through Europe. Why is that? What obstacles stand in the way of integrated, mobile travel and how can they be removed?

The aim of this interdisciplinary project is to acquire knowledge on how existing institutional frameworks affect urban transports. Another goal is to come up with scientifically based recommendations on how such frameworks can be changed so that new, integrated travel solutions can be implemented. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating as a reference group in the project, which is run by K2, Sweden's national center for research and education on public transport.

Institutional frameworks cover such things as social regulations and planning processes, management models, steering tools and organizational cultures. These are the things that need to change if we are to have more sustainable travel with integrated mobility services. Integrated mobility services refers to the type of travel service that covers the entire transport system in a single, integrated ecosystem. For example, it could involve a traveler having access to a carpool, rental bike, public transport and taxi all in a single app. This would make it possible to use various modes of transport on a single mobile ticket, which enables flexible everyday travel without needing to own a car.

The project will run from 2015 until 2018.

The project is financed by Vinnova.

The project is run by K2, Sweden's national center for research and education on public transport.

Beltway logistics - more efficient use of infrastructure

The city would come to a halt without well-functioning freight transports. This project examines how existing infrastructure can be used more efficiently for freight transports while simultaneously lowering the environmental impact.

Gothenburg is growing and the city will be implementing several major infrastructure projects. Congestion on the beltways around the city is expected to worsen. The project on beltway logistics (Kringfartslogistik) looks at how freight transports in and out of the city could become more efficient using dynamic controls. The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in the project along with several others from industry, government authorities and academia. The project is being coordinated by Lindholmen Science Park and DB Schenker Consulting is the operational project manager.

All deliveries to the city are affected by the beltway system. There is a lack of prior research on the link between long-distance transports and city distribution. One of the aims of this project is to increase knowledge on the importance of beltway logistics to the logistics infrastructure.

The beltway logistic project’s feasibility study showed that there is a great need to make better use of the infrastructure. With dynamic controls, freight traffic that meets certain environmental requirements could be given access to priority lanes, depending on the existing traffic situation. The feasibility study indicates that dynamic controls can create better conditions in the form of both time-savings and environmental quality. In certain situations, a win-win situation is created in the form of a better traffic flow in all lanes.

The feasibility study concluded that several issues need to be examined more closely, from an implementation and sustainability perspective. The technology itself is not the biggest challenge. The biggest obstacles are regulations and incentives. There are also organizational challenges that require collaboration and new, sustainable business models.

In this current phase of the project, flow simulations are being made for selected routes in Stockholm and Gothenburg. It is hoped that the results from the feasibility and implementation studies will lead to actual demonstration projects that can verify the potential and benefits of dynamic controls.

The project will run from 2016 until 2018.

Read more at: closer.lindholmen.se/nyheter/effektivare-utnyttjande-av-infrastrukturen-projektet-om-kringfartslogistik-gar-i-nasta-fas

The project is finance by Vinnova within the scope of FFI (the program for strategic research and innovation on vehicles).

The project is run by CLOSER/ Lindholmen Science Park

CITYLAB Project - follower city

The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating as a follower city, which means that it can obtain knowledge and experience from the participating cities and researchers. CITYLAB is a project financed by Horizion 2020, which is the EU’s largest research and innovation program.

The aim of the project is to improve knowledge on the impact that freight and business travel have on our urban environments. Innovative solutions for freight in urban environments are being tested and evaluated in several European cities in order to raise profitability in companies, efficiency and sustainability. Many cities are collaborating in CITYLAB, including London, Amsterdam, Brussels, Southampton, Oslo, Rome and Paris. The cities serve as living laboratories, i.e. dynamic and reality-based test environments where public and private freight transport measures can be evaluated, adapted and improved.

The project is an initiative linked to the CIVITAS network.

Read more at: citylab-project.eu

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 635898

FLOW - follower city

The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating as a follower city, which means that we are participating in workshops and interactive webinars to exchange knowledge so that we can develop the city by promoting sustainable travel.

Collaboration with other cities and organizations helps us sharpen our expertise and develop our activities in the area of sustainable mobility. Of course, we will also share our own knowledge with the other project partners.

FLOW is a project aimed at creating better models for pedestrian and bicycle traffic. This is done by developing a user-friendly method that encompasses traffic models for assessing the efficiency of pedestrian and bicycle measures. The cities participating in the project are: Budapest, Dublin, Gdynia, Lisbon, Munich and Sofia. There are also 25 follower cities linked to the project, including Gothenburg. FLOW is finance by the Horizon 2020 program from the European Commission and is an initiative linked to CIVITAS (link to the network page).

Read more about the project at: h2020-flow.eu/

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no.

CIMEC – follower city

Cooperative ITS* for Mobility in European Cities

The City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is participating in CIMEC as a follower city, which means that we are participating in workshops to sharpen our expertise in ITS*. This will enable us to develop our activities and be involved in influencing how European cities work with C-ITS* issues.

CIMEC is a project aimed at facilitating the implementation of C-ITS* via better adaptation of technical solutions based on user needs, thereby lessening the perceived obstacles and risks associated with the creation of intelligent traffic system solutions. In this project, the cities’ most important transport challenges are identified, linked to strategies and obstacles in the implementation of C-ITS* in urban environments.

Read more at: cimec-project.eu

C-ITS – Cooperative-Intelligent Traffic System

ITS – Intelligent Traffic System

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 653637